The scientific reason behind celebration of Makara Sankranti
Makara Sankranti is not only a Hindu festival but actually a universal phenomenon because it is purely based on the science of astronomy & crop cycle which is not limited to any particular religion.
Actually Sankranti is a celebration of the “revival” of sunlight (solar energy & positivity) into our lives and it coincides with the harvest season as well.
The day marks the start of the sun’s six-month-long journey northwards (the Uttaraayanam). This also corresponds to the Indic solstice when the sun purportedly enters the 10th house of the Indian zodiac Makara or Capricorn. Thai Pongal is mainly celebrated to convey appreciation to the Sun God for a successful harvest. Part of the celebration is the boiling of the first rice of the season consecrated to the Sun.
What History says About Makara Sankranti
Pongal is 3 days Festival
Bhogi – First day
The Bhogi festival is celebrated in honour of Lord Indra, the god of rain, and the lord of lords.
The ritual of Bhogi Mantalu is also observed this day.
People wake up before sunrise, gather together and celebrate bhogi during which useless items of the household are tossed into a bhogi mantalu (🔥) traditionally made of cow dung cakes and wood.
Pongal – Second day
This is the most important day in Sankranti
This day, a special ritual is performed where rice and milk are boiled together in an earthen pot – to which a turmeric plant is tied – out in the open as an offering to the sun god. Along with this, sticks of sugarcane, coconuts and bananas are also offered.
Another important aspect of this day is the kolam, the traditional design hand-drawn at the entrance of houses with lime powder. This auspicious drawing must be done early in the morning and only after a bath.
Kanuma – Third day
Kaanuma is special festival for cows a sweet story behind this festival
Lord Shiva had once sent his bull, Basava, to earth with a message for the mortals, asking them to have an oil massage and bath daily, and to eat once a month. Basava, however, mistakenly announced Shiva has asked people to eat daily and have an oil bath once a month.
Enraged, Shiva banished Basava to the earth forever, cursing he would have to plough the fields to help people produce more food. Hence, the association of this day to cattle.
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