Species that have the ability to produce light are known as Bioluminescence animals. Glowing will help these animals in attracting mates, ambush prey and astonish predators.
About 90 percent of our oceans’ deep water dwellers use bioluminescence, but these light displays aren’t just limited to marine life.
On dry land, there are living things like flies, worms, and even fungi that can light up the night.
The Science Behind Everything
Wonder how these Bioluminescent Animals can produce their own light? this phenomenon is created by a chemical reaction. The color of the glow can vary from species to species, depending on their habitat.
When Bioluminescent organisms release energy, it doesn’t come out in the form of body heat as it does for humans. Instead, they release a unique compound called Luciferin which, when exposed to oxygen, creates a chemical reaction that emits light. These creatures can control when they light up. They’re able to regulate their own chemistry with the help of their nervous system.
But not everyone’s light comes out the same color. Most of the bioluminescent ocean-dwellers emit a blue-green glow, because the short wavelengths of these colors travel the farthest, and can be recognized by most underwater species.
Most deep-sea animals can’t see the color red, because its long wavelengths never make it to the bottom of the ocean. As a result, a lot of them have evolved to be the color red, in order to make themselves invisible.
like Bioluminescent Animals humans emit light?
According to a 2009 study by Japanese researchers, we emit our own visible light, it’s just not strong enough for our eyes to detect. Using highly sensitive cameras, the researchers were able to capture the first images of human bioluminescence. Our production of light works pretty similarly to other organisms, a chemical reaction that takes place when we release energy.
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